SET OF FOUR RESTAURATION MAHOGANY DINING CHAIRS
In the Manner of Duncan Phyfe (1770-1854) or D. Phyfe & Sons (active 1837-1840)
New York, 1835-1840
Four Mahogany Dining Chairs, each with yoke-shaped crest rail and vase-shaped splat above an upholstered slip seat and bowed front seat rail on cabriole legs. Secondary wood: ash, seat frames pine and poplar. Scalamandre horsehair upholstery
H: 32¼” W:18″ D: 20¼” each
Condition: Excellent. One tiny veneer chip to splat.
In the 1830’s, Duncan Phyfe produced at least two (if not many) sets of dining chairs very closely related to this set. Among these is a set he made for his daughter, Eliza Phyfe Vail, that have descended in her family to the present day. An other chair from a large set, in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, was made for the Bloomfield family of New Jersey. Of these two closely related models, the present chairs are closest to the Bloomfield set in which the frames and legs are virtually identical. Only the stay rails and splats differ.
The term Restauration refers to the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in France after the fall of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1814 and applies to furniture that was popular in France during the subsequent reigns of Louis XVIII and Charles X. The style was classically derived but employed rounded corners, and archeologically inspired scrolling legs replaced architectonic columnar supports. Rounded and undulating surfaces replaced flat or angled surfaces. Empire decorative flourishes such as gilding, stenciling and bronze appliqués were supplanted by highly figured veneers. The restrained style of the Restoration began to influence American furniture in the late 1820s and became dominant from 1833-1842. Phyfe’s firm was the most advanced and sophisticated exponent of the style in the US.
 Peter M. Kenny and Michael K. Brown Duncan Phyfe: Master Cabinetmaker in New York (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011), 238-239, figs. 49, 50. The Bloomfield chair is also illustrated in the exhibition catalog 19th Century America: Furniture and Other Decorative Arts (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1970), pl. 77.